?

Log in

No account? Create an account

Previous Entry | Next Entry

Arab-Israeli Conflict 1880-1946

 There have been many posts on about Israel’s right to exist.  I admit to an ethnic bias on this subject.  I also admit that I’m not as well educated as I’d like to be on this subject.  So I decided to do some research.
 
Many of the other posts take Israel from the U.N.Resolution of 1947 to the present day.  I think that you will find from the timeline behind the cut which is from 1880-1947 that by looking at the history only from 1947, you’re not looking at the whole picture.
 
I took this timeline mostly from Wikipedia, but enhanced it where I felt necessary.  I tried to make it as objective as possible.
 
1880's-Jews in Europe, because of increasing antisemitism and pogroms move to Palestine.  Jews were a majority in the area in the 1880's. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_the_Israeli-Palestinian_conflict
 
Toward the end of the 19th century, the anti-Jewish boycott became one of the basic weapons used for victimizing the Jewish population. The first International Anti-Jewish Congress in Dresden, 1882 (see *Anti-Semitic Political Parties and Organizations), adopted a slogan against Jewish merchants and professionals. In Western Europe, the boycott took the form of excluding Jews from membership of certain societies. In Eastern Europe the rapidly developing "national" bourgeoisie, which formed the mainstay of the rightist parties, soon adopted anti-Semitic tactics in the effort to squeeze out Jewish competitors. The anti-Jewish boycott campaign met with success in many parts of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. 
 
The Austrian anti-Semites publicized in the press and at (col. 1277)
 
public meetings the slogan, "Don't buy from Jews". When the government declared this slogan illegal, it was changes into "Buy from Christians only". In Bohemia and Moravia the anti-Jewish boycott spread under the slogan "Each to his own" (svúj k svému), at a time when the rising bourgeoisie sought to obtain an exclusive position in the economy, especially in trade.  http://www.geschichteinchronologie.ch/judentum-aktenlage/hol/EncJud_boycotts01-ENGL-anti-Jewish.html
 
November 2, 1917 British Foreign Secretary Arthur Balfour sends a letter to Lord Rothschild, President of the Zionist Federation declaring his government would “view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_the_Israeli-Palestinian_conflict
 
Foreign Office
November 2nd, 1917
 
Dear Lord Rothschild:
 
I have much pleasure in conveying to you. on behalf of His Majesty's
Government, the following declaration of sympathy with Jewish Zionist aspirations which has been submitted to, and approved by, the Cabinet:
 
His Majesty's Government view with favor the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavors to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country.
 
I should be grateful if you would bring this declaration to the knowledge
of the Zionist Federation.
Yours,
Arthur James Balfour
 
1919-1923 Approximately 40,000 Jews immigrate from Eastern Europe.
 
January 18, 1919  - "We Arabs," said King Faisal, "especially the educated among us, look with the deepest sympathy on the Zionist movement... We will wish the Jews a most hearty welcome home."
 
March 1, 1920- 8 Jews are killed in attacks by Arab forces in Upper Galilee .
 
April 4-7, 1920-Riots against the Jews in Jerusalem’s old city.
 
The churchill Whitepaper of 1922 -
 
Soon after the Balfour Declaration was issued, it became clear to the British that it was inconvenient to implement a "National Home" for the Jewish people in Palestine. None of the persons who had issued that declaration in 1917 were in power. Britain had meanwhile, reneged on their commitment to give Syria to the Arabs, in favor of their commitment to give Syria to France based on the Sykes Picot agreement. The Hashemites were no longer in power in Saudi Arabia either. The Mandate had created intense resentment, and  riots had occurred in Palestine in 1920 and 1921. Motions were raised in both the House of Commons and the House of Lords to repeal the Balfour declaration. The motion was defeated in commons with the help of  Churchill, Ormsby Gore and others, but it was felt that a compromise would be necessary. The "as implemented" mandate would be somewhat different from what the Zionists and the framers of the mandate had envisioned. Churchill, possibly with the help of Herbert Samuel, was given the thankless task of reframing the mandate in such a way that it would placate the Arabs, but still give Britain an excuse to keep Palestine from the French in the form of the "homeland for the Jewish people"
 
 The British government decided to detach Palestine east of the Jordan river, constituting most of the area of Palestine, and form the Hashemite Kingdom of Transjordan...http://www.mideastweb.org/1922wp.htm
 
1924-1929- Approximately 82,000 Jews arrive on Palestine
 
1929-19390 As a response to the rise of Nazism approximately 250,000 Jews immigrate to Palistine
 
Summer 1929-Riots between Muslims and Jews regarding access to Western Wall 133 Jews killed, 116 Arabs killed
 
August 23, 1929- Hebron Massacre 67 Jews killed.  Leaves Hebron barren of Jews for the first time in hundreds of years. http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/History/hebron29.html
 
1930-1935- The Black Hand Islamic group. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Hand_(Palestine)
 
October 20, 1930 Passfield White Paper recommends limiting Jewish Immigration.
 
May 7, 1936- March 1939 -The Arab Revolt  http://www.palestinefacts.org/pf_mandate_riots_1936-39.php
 
July 1937- Peel Commission proposes a partition plan, that includes a Jewish state
 
1938-1949 Lehi group and other militant Zionist groups attack British and Arab targets and civilians in Palistine. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lehi_(group)
 
July 26, 1938 Zionists detonante a bomb in an Arab market in Haifa killing 53 Arabs and 1 Jew.
 
April-August 1938- Woodhead Commission reverses Peel Commission
 
October 2, 1938 Tiberias Massacre 20 Jews killed.
 
February- March 17, 1939- St. James Conference. Arab delegates refuse to meet with Jewish delegates  http://www.historycentral.com/Israel/1939StJamesConference.html
 
May 17, 1939- The White Paper of 1939 calls for the creation of a unified Palestinian state. Even though the White Paper states its commitment to the Balfour Declaration, it imposed very substantial limits to both Jewish immigration (restricting it to only 75,000 over the next 5 years), and their ability to purchase land.
Between 1939-1948, the Haganah smuggles over 100,000 Jews from Europe to Palestine to provide refuge from the Holocaust.  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_the_Israeli-Palestinian_conflict
 
June 19- 1940 20 arabs killed by explosives mounted on a Donkey at a marketplace in Haifa.
 
June 22, 1946- King David Hotel Bombing.  http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/History/King_David.html
 
 

Comments

( 8 comments — Leave a comment )
jblaque
Dec. 29th, 2008 10:16 pm (UTC)
Thanks for posting this, counselor.
jellomarx
Dec. 29th, 2008 10:18 pm (UTC)
I x-posted it on politicsforum. The nuts are beginning to revolt.
jblaque
Dec. 29th, 2008 11:20 pm (UTC)
*rubs hands together*
jellomarx
Dec. 29th, 2008 11:26 pm (UTC)
Don't go in there without a suit of armor.
cathy_edgett
Dec. 29th, 2008 10:26 pm (UTC)
It is tragic all the way around, and yes, this is helpful as to history. I don't know how we bring the region to acceptance, integration, and peace, but what is and has been happening is painful for all. I don't know how it can resolve. I know that many people work for peace in the region, people on all sides. Why then, more death? Why can't we find peace?
jellomarx
Dec. 29th, 2008 10:39 pm (UTC)
It's a terrible situation. My Uncle and Aunt are visiting cousins there now. Neither side is innocent. But what is Israel to do? She has to protect herself. Every time she lets down her guard Hamas attacks. I'm sure that most of the Palestinians do not approve of the actions of Hamas.
cathy_edgett
Dec. 29th, 2008 10:58 pm (UTC)
Yes, I agree. You must be very worried with family there.

Yes, it reminds me of when my sons were young. One would do something to the other, but we always seemed to "catch" the retaliation.

I don't know what is to be done. My friend who was raised as an Orthodox Jew, though I don't believe she practices now, went to Israel in October, with a group of people from many religions. They hoped to find a way to bring peace to the region.

The problem is the conflicts are thousands of years old. How then do we solve them now? Yes, I'm sure the Palestinians don't approve, and yet, what now, is to be done? I am deeply saddened that a solution can't seem to be found. It just seems there must be a way to bring peace to this region and I don't know what it is.
growingoldest
Dec. 31st, 2008 08:55 pm (UTC)
I just like the way you say "Haganah". Ahhh.
( 8 comments — Leave a comment )

Profile

jellomarx
jellomarx

Latest Month

February 2018
S M T W T F S
    123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
25262728   

Tags

Powered by LiveJournal.com
Designed by Tiffany Chow